Causes of Dark Gums

An attractive smile is composed not just of clear and straight teeth, but also of clean gums. The natural color of gums is coral pink, but there are instances where they become dark for a variety of reasons. Having normal-looking gums is not just about cosmetics, because it can also be about health, as dark gums may be a result or symptom of certain medical conditions.

According to the website of the Bayside dentists of Dental Expressions by Dr. Gary Bram, there are various treatment methods available to bring back the healthy and pink color of dark gum tissues, such as lasers. But why do some people have dark gums to begin with? Below are some of the most common reasons why.

Natural Coloration

Even though it is mentioned earlier that the natural color of gums is coral pink, it is important to point out that this is not the case for everybody, especially those that have darker skin. The dark gums may just be the result of skin pigmentation and nothing more.

Poor Oral Hygiene

If you don’t clean your teeth frequently and thoroughly, there may be a buildup between them that may be bad enough to affect even the gums. There may be irritation, inflammation, and eventually, darkening of the gums, as a result of poor oral hygiene.

On its worst instances, brushing teeth isn’t going to be enough to clean your teeth, as you may require professional cleaning from a dentist.

Bad Habits

Certain lifestyle choices can also influence gum coloration, such as smoking. Smoking has been known to cause dark gums, and this can easily be seen by comparing the gums of smokers and non-smokers. Cocaine consumption, especially when applied on oral mucous membranes, can also cause darkening.

Medical Conditions

Black gum disease, or acute necrotizing periodontal disease, is a real thing. The darkening of the gums may be the result of death of tissues. Aside from the darkening, the condition may also lead to bleeding, pain, and bad breath.

Oral conditions such as this are often the result of poor oral hygiene and bad habits, so it is best to avoid those things to ensure your overall health, not just your dental health.

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