Causes of Dark Gums

An attractive smile is composed not just of clear and straight teeth, but also of clean gums. The natural color of gums is coral pink, but there are instances where they become dark for a variety of reasons. Having normal-looking gums is not just about cosmetics, because it can also be about health, as dark gums may be a result or symptom of certain medical conditions.

According to the website of the Bayside dentists of Dental Expressions by Dr. Gary Bram, there are various treatment methods available to bring back the healthy and pink color of dark gum tissues, such as lasers. But why do some people have dark gums to begin with? Below are some of the most common reasons why.

Natural Coloration

Even though it is mentioned earlier that the natural color of gums is coral pink, it is important to point out that this is not the case for everybody, especially those that have darker skin. The dark gums may just be the result of skin pigmentation and nothing more.

Poor Oral Hygiene

If you don’t clean your teeth frequently and thoroughly, there may be a buildup between them that may be bad enough to affect even the gums. There may be irritation, inflammation, and eventually, darkening of the gums, as a result of poor oral hygiene.

On its worst instances, brushing teeth isn’t going to be enough to clean your teeth, as you may require professional cleaning from a dentist.

Bad Habits

Certain lifestyle choices can also influence gum coloration, such as smoking. Smoking has been known to cause dark gums, and this can easily be seen by comparing the gums of smokers and non-smokers. Cocaine consumption, especially when applied on oral mucous membranes, can also cause darkening.

Medical Conditions

Black gum disease, or acute necrotizing periodontal disease, is a real thing. The darkening of the gums may be the result of death of tissues. Aside from the darkening, the condition may also lead to bleeding, pain, and bad breath.

Oral conditions such as this are often the result of poor oral hygiene and bad habits, so it is best to avoid those things to ensure your overall health, not just your dental health.

Possible Liable Parties in a Medical Malpractice Lawsuit

For certain types of health problems, the last form of treatment that a doctor would usually recommend is surgery. Surgery is a complicated and risky medical procedure, but while many patients successfully go through it, others are just too weak to make it through the operation or a short while after the operation. There are cases, however, as shown through government records, when patients either suffer complications or never make it, not because they have weak bodies, but due, rather, to mistakes committed by those in charge of the procedure itself.

According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, errors during surgical procedures is just one of the many forms of medical mistakes which doctors, nurses, other medical professionals, hospitals and clinics are guilty of. Other items in the list of medical mistakes include misdiagnosis, failure to diagnose, delayed treatment, wrong medication, and birth injury. All these mistakes result either to new health problems or to the worsening of an existing illness, diminishing the quality of life of many individuals.

In 2010, as reported by the Office of the Inspector General for Health and Human Services, about 180,000 Medicare patients died due to medical mistakes. The actual figure, however, as printed in the Journal of Patient Safety, patient deaths (including those not covered by Medicare) fall between 210,000 and 440,000.

From the figures given above, surgical errors account for, at least, 4,000 cases each year. Specific cases of surgical error include: wrong-person surgery; incorrect surgical procedure; wrong-site surgery; improper suturing; accidental puncture or laceration; removal of wrong organ; foreign bodies left inside a patient’s body; wrong dosage of anesthesia; post-operative hemorrhage or hematoma; physiologic and metabolic derangement; wound dehiscence, a surgical complication wherein a wound ruptures along a surgical suture; pulmonary embolism; and, wrongful death due to complications from negligent surgery.

Medical mistakes, especially surgical error, happen more frequently than many others think. What is equally disturbing is that these are committed even by well trained and experienced surgeons and the best hospitals in the US. Take, for example, the case of a 70-year old patient who died after two surgeons mistakenly removed the wrong kidney from his body; there are also reports of operating on the wrong side of a patient’s brain which happened three times within just a year, and all in the same hospital.

These mistakes are the bases of thousands of medical malpractice lawsuits filed against surgeons, nurses and the hospitals where these medical professionals are employed. Many hospitals, through their insurance providers, however, avoid lawsuits as much as these can by trying to settle with patients in order to protect their reputation, avoid the complexities of the legal procedure, and avoid paying costly compensation which the court may oblige these to pay their victims.

Medical professionals, by the way, as pointed out in the website of the Clawson & Staubes law firm, includes “licensed doctors, nurses, chiropractors, dentists, surgeons, physician’s assistants, pharmacists and any other medical professional that provides the claimant with care. Nursing homes and hospitals as well as EMS providers and paramedics” are also expected to provide a standard of care to which these can be held responsible if these fail to uphold such standard.

Lasting Effects of a Spinal Cord Injury

You’ll find hardly any things that compare to the seriousness of experiencing a spinal cord injury. While experts are attempting to create more efficient solutions to help in flexibility in addition to discovering more medicines to aid in the healing of damaged nerves back injuries tend to be irreversible and untreatable. Spinal cord injuries, as well as mind and neck injuries, need instant medical consideration: these types of injuries, when they happen, are addressed around the world to stop injuries or further damage. This therapy that is instant may also reduce long-term accidents although expectations in these circumstances are constrained as the spinal cord is permanent and vulnerable.

Back injuries can be dilapidating. They can sometimes be a consequence of strong triggers including automobile collisions or drops, office incidents, or they can develop into a complication from oblique triggers such as an already existing disease or other health issues. Spinal cord accidents are not only physically wearing – those who suffer from back injuries are also enduring the intellectual and emotional injury that accompany it. Fiscal concerns can happen due to the lost capability to work and long treatment and rehabilitation. A spinal cord damage could halt you from returning to function, for locate a good paying job, or you might lose your power. Dads who’ve lately experienced spinal cord accidents can have difficulty helping their youngsters – possibly child assistance may be hindered by these injuries – which may trigger significant anxiety and lost time together with the child.

Having an excellent group of people who will provide assistance and care are important in any kind of back injury’s remedy. According to the internet site of the Seegmiller Law Firm, those individuals who have been hurt due to another person’s negligence may seek payment for that medical and rehabilitation costs, problems, missed function, as well as emotional and intellectual injury, because many spinal cord injuries are everlasting and life-changing. There are various success stories about individuals who had back injuries but have overcome their issues, although having a personal injury make a difference your path of life. Handling an accident is tricky care, proper data and service from people you love, rather than stopping on fresh solutions and drugs, lifestyle nevertheless continues on.

Premises Liability

We trust that the buildings we enter are safe and functional for at least the time that we will be there. This is reasonable and necessary to live our day to day lives without fear. However, this trust is sometimes misplaced. Especially as a building ages and the wear and tear starts to affect its structure, a premises can quickly become unsafe. It is, in this case, the responsibility to property owners to care for and maintain their buildings so that they may remain safe for all who enter. Unfortunately, this doesn’t always occur.

Common premises liability cases involve: elevator / escalator injuries, slip and fall accidents, porch collapse, stair collapse, fires, toxic molds, lead paint exposure, mercury poisoning, pesticide exposure, swimming pool injuries.

Any accident involving the collapse of a structure in a building is often the result of the wear and tear that comes with a buildings ageing and frequent use. A building is way more likely to break down as years pass than due to an initial design flaw right after it is built. Buildings must be maintained and these structures must be consistently reinforced as time goes on so that injuries can be avoided. It is the responsibility of property owners to maintain their structures.

Injuries caused by dangerous premises can be extremely harmful and in some cases, life threatening. Because of the nature of such incidents, these are rarely simply unfortunate accidents. Many times, they would have been preventable if there had been proper upkeep and care of the building by property owners. Therefore, these often the fault of the carelessness or neglect of the product manufacturer or another party. In these cases the victim of such an injury may be owed certain damages.

Cerebral Palsy: From the Mildest to the Worst Types

Cerebral palsy, which is currently the most common neurological or brain disorder among children in the US, is an incurable, chronic condition that affects muscle coordination, body movement, sensation, perception, cognition, speech and many other brain functions. This disorder is a result either of abnormal brain growth or brain injury, the causes for which may have occurred before, during or after childbirth.

There are four major categories of cerebral palsy, each being based on the part/s of the body affected and the severity of the effects. These categories (and their sub-categories) include:

  • Spastic. This form of cerebral palsy is the most common in children; it also disrupts normal growth, limits stretching of muscles during movement, causes abnormal movements and malformations in the development of muscles and joints. Spastic CP has five types:
    • a.1. Spastic diplegia – which affects both legs or both arms, though, the legs are the ones most usually affected.
    • a.2. Spastic quadriplegia – this is the most incapacitating and severe type of spastic cerebral palsy, affecting all four limbs of the body.
    • a.3. Spastic hemiplegia –this disorder impairs the limbs on one side of the body (one arm and one leg).
    • a.4. Spastic monoplegia and spastic triplegia – the first affects only one limb ( one leg or one arm), while the second affects three limbs. These types of CP are very rare, though.
  • Athetoid or dyskinetic cerebral palsy – this involves slow and uncontrolled writhing movements of one’s hands, arms and/or legs, as well as involuntary facial grimaces and drooling. This type of cerebral palsy does not affect a child’s mental ability, though, allowing him/her to even possess above average intelligence.
  • Ataxic cerebral palsy – a child suffering from this type of CP can be deemed as clumsy and/or jerky. It also causes tremors or shaky movements, and difficulty in maintaining balance, in patients.
  • Mixed cerebral palsy – is the combination of any two types of cerebral palsy; however, the most common is the combination of athetoid and spastic.

Many of the causes of cerebral palsy are results of acts of negligence that lead to medical malpractice.

Made beautiful by the experts at Bergman Folkers Plastic Surgery.